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About Cassia Fistula Plant
Cassia fistula, commonly known as the Yellow Flowering Plant or the Golden Shower Tree, is a species of flowering tree belonging to the family Fabaceae. It is native to the Indian subcontinent and other parts of Southeast Asia and is widely cultivated for its beautiful yellow flowers.
Here are some key characteristics and information about Cassia's fistula:
The Golden Shower Tree is a medium-sized deciduous tree that can reach heights of up to 20-25 meters (65-80 feet). It has a spreading crown with a diameter of about 10-15 meters (30-50 feet). The bark is smooth and grayish-brown.
The tree has pinnately compound leaves, which means that each leaf is divided into several pairs of leaflets. The leaflets are usually oval-shaped, about 10-20 centimeters (4-8 inches) long and 4-8 centimeters (1.5-3 inches) wide, with a smooth texture and a glossy green color.
One of the most attractive features of the Golden Shower Tree is its profusion of vibrant yellow flowers. The flowers are large, typically about 4-7 centimeters (1.5-3 inches) in diameter, and they grow in long, drooping clusters called racemes. Each raceme can contain dozens of individual flowers. The blossoms have five petals, with the uppermost petal being larger and showier than the rest. The flowers have a pleasant fragrance and are pollinated by insects.
After the flowers fade, long, cylindrical pods called legumes or capsules develop. These pods can grow to be about 30-60 centimeters (12-24 inches) long and contain numerous hard, black seeds. When ripe, the pods split open, releasing the seeds.
Cassia fistula holds cultural and religious significance in several countries. It is the national flower of Thailand and is also the state flower of Kerala in India. The tree's vibrant yellow flowers and lush foliage make it a popular choice for landscaping in tropical and subtropical regions.
Various parts of the Golden Shower Tree, including the bark, flowers, and fruit, have been used in traditional medicine systems for their medicinal properties. The bark is believed to have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects, while the flowers are used in remedies for skin diseases and gastrointestinal issues. However, it's important to consult a healthcare professional before using any plant for medicinal purposes.
Due to its striking appearance and adaptability, Cassia fistula is often planted as an ornamental tree in gardens, parks, and along roadsides. It prefers a sunny location and well-drained soil. The tree is relatively low-maintenance and can tolerate drought conditions once established.
Overall, Cassia fistula, or the Yellow Flowering Plant/Golden Shower Tree, is a beautiful and culturally significant tree with its abundant clusters of yellow flowers. Whether for its ornamental value or traditional uses, it adds charm to its surroundings and serves as a visual treat.
How To Grow Cassia Fistula Plant
To grow Cassia fistula (Yellow Flowering Plant/Golden Shower Tree), you can follow these general guidelines:
Cassia fistula thrives in tropical and subtropical climates. It prefers warm temperatures and does best in regions with mild winters and long, hot summers.
Choose a sunny spot for planting the tree, as it requires full sun to flourish. Ensure that the location has well-draining soil to prevent waterlogging.
Cassia fistula can tolerate a wide range of soil types, but it prefers slightly acidic to neutral soil with good drainage. If your soil is heavy or clayey, consider adding organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure to improve its drainage and fertility.
Dig a hole that is wider and deeper than the root ball of the tree. Place the root ball in the hole and backfill it with soil, gently firming it around the roots. Water thoroughly after planting.
While the tree is establishing its root system, provide regular watering, especially during dry spells. Once established, Cassia fistula is somewhat drought-tolerant, but it's still beneficial to water it during prolonged periods of drought.
Apply a balanced slow-release fertilizer in early spring to promote healthy growth and flowering. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for the appropriate dosage.
Pruning Cassia's fistula is generally minimal. Remove any dead, damaged, or crossing branches to maintain a balanced shape. Prune lightly after flowering to control the tree's size and shape.
Pests and Diseases:
The Golden Shower Tree is relatively resistant to pests and diseases. However, it may occasionally face issues like aphids, caterpillars, or fungal diseases. Monitor the tree regularly and take appropriate measures if you notice any signs of pest or disease infestation.
Cassia fistula can be propagated from seeds. Soak the seeds in water overnight before planting them in a well-drained potting mix. Keep the soil moist and provide warmth until the seeds germinate. Transplant the seedlings to their permanent location once they are large enough.
Remember, Cassia fistula is a fast-growing tree, so provide it with enough space to reach its full potential. Regular care, including watering, fertilization, and occasional pruning, will help it thrive and produce its magnificent yellow flowers.